Liberalism, by Ludwig von Mises (1927)

First published in German as Liberalismus, 1929. First English edition (as The Free and Prosperous Commonwealth), 1962. FEE edition, 1985.  Published under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.

Preface by Jeffrey A. Tucker
Preface to the 1985 Edition by Bettina Bien Greaves
Foreword to the 1977 Edition by Louis M. Spadaro
Preface to the First English-Language Edition by Ludwig von Mises

INTRODUCTION

1.  Liberalism
2.  Material Welfare
3.  Rationalism
4.  The Aim of Liberalism
5.  Liberalism and Capitalism
6.  The Psychological Roots of Antiliberalism

CHAPTER 1: THE FOUNDATIONS OF LIBERAL POLICY

1.  Property
2.  Freedom
3.  Peace
4.  Equality
5.  The Inequality of Wealth and Income
6.  Private Property and Ethics
7.  State and Government
8.  Democracy
9.  Critique of the Doctrine of Force
10.  The Argument of Fascism
11.  The Limits of Governmental Activity
12.  Tolerance
13.  The State and Antisocial Conduct

CHAPTER 2: LIBERAL ECONOMIC POLICY

1.  The Organization of the Economy
2.  Private Property and Its Critics
3.  Private Property and the Government
4.  The Impracticability of Socialism
5.  Interventionism
6.  Capitalism: The Only Possible System of Social Organization
7.  Cartels, Monopolies, and Liberalism
8.  Bureaucratization

CHAPTER 3: LIBERAL FOREIGN POLICY

1.  The Boundaries of the State
2.  The Right of Self-Determination
3.  The Political Foundations of Peace
4.  Nationalism
5.  Imperialism
6.  Colonial Policy
7.  Free Trade
8.  Freedom of Movement
9.  The United States of Europe
10.  The League of Nations
11.  Russia

CHAPTER 4: LIBERALISM AND THE POLITICAL PARTIES

1.  The “Doctrinairism” of the Liberals
2.  Political Parties
3.  The Crisis of Parliamentarism and the Idea of a Diet Representing Special Groups
4.  Liberalism and the Parties of Special Interests
5.  Party Propaganda and Party Organization
6.  Liberalism as the “Party of Capital”

CHAPTER 5: THE FUTURE OF LIBERALISM

APPENDIX

1.  On the Literature of Liberalism
2.  On the Term “Liberalism”

Preface by Jeffrey A. Tucker

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