It’s not pleasant to hear Dr. Frank Fisher speak. I first heard him several months ago at a briefing on the Drug Enforcement Administration’s war on prescription painkillers in Washington, D.C. His eyes tend to glass over through much of his speech, seemingly on the verge of tears. Above them rests a sweeping coif of white hair; below, a thick, well-manicured white beard. He speaks softly, with jaws and temples tensed, projecting a labored voice that moves from sentence to sentence. As he talks, you get the impression that a sneeze might shatter him into a thousand pieces.
There’s a reason Fisher projects the image of a broken man. He is one. Fisher—a Harvard-trained physician—once specialized in the treatment of chronic pain. He served a predominantly rural and poor population in California. About 5–10 percent of his 3,000 clients were pain patients—victims of cancer, multiple sclerosis, steep falls, botched surgeries, or car accidents.
A little more than five years ago, California Attorney General Bill Lockyer initiated a high-profile campaign against pain doctors who prescribe large doses of opioids—drugs such as OxyContin, Vicodin, and codeine. He wasn’t alone. Several other attorneys general across the country had or were in the process of implementing similar campaigns. At about the same time, the DEA was launching its own plan to combat what is called a nationwide epidemic of OxyContin abuse.
Lockyer made Frank Fisher his example, his trophy. He dispatched a squad of heavily armed agents to Fisher’s community health center. The cops detained the center’s employees while they raided the facilities for incriminating evidence. Soon after the raid Lockyer put out a press release. Fisher, Lockyer said, was party to a sophisticated drug ring. He and other California prosecutors likened Fisher to a crack dealer. Then to a mass murderer. Fisher was charged with multiple counts of drug distribution, fraud, and most sensationally, several counts of murder. The state seized his assets. His bail was set at $15 million, and he faced a possible life sentence.
Over the next five years, every one of the charges against Fisher slowly fell away. A Superior Court judge immediately threw out the murder charges in a preliminary hearing. Four years later, another judge threw out the other felony charges—manslaughter and fraud. Last May a jury considered the remaining misdemeanor charges against Fisher and acquitted him on every count. One juror said Fisher had been the victim of a “witch-hunt.”
The state of California of course has done nothing to address Fisher’s wrongful persecution. He spent five months in prison and paid hundreds of thousands of dollars in legal fees. He has yet to get his assets back, faces several civil lawsuits spurred by his arrest, and still awaits hearings on the status of his medical license—which means he still can’t earn a living.
Not only was Fisher the farthest thing from a drug dealer, he wasn’t even an effective “dupe”—a doctor that dealers can easily fool into thinking they’re pain patients. Fisher’s clinic ejected more than 400 patients from treatment for, as his website describes, “lying, diverting medications or ingesting non-therapeutic doses.” He also sent away numerous undercover agents posing as pain patients in an attempt to collect evidence against him.
There are about a hundred cases like Fisher’s. Most recently, Virginia doctor and pioneer in pain management Dr. William Hurwitz was convicted on 50 counts related to prescription-painkiller distribution. After a trial rife with miscarriages of justice and shifting evidentiary standards, Hurwitz now faces a possible life sentence.
After his own acquittal Fisher drew attention to the often unmentioned but most tragic aspect of the persecution of a pain specialist: the status of his patients. “The part of this story that’s always missing is the suffering of the patients I was treating,” Fisher told the San Francisco Chronicle. “For my patients, my arrest was an unmitigated disaster. Many of them survived, but many of them not well. A lot of them look like they’ve aged 20 years.”
Fisher looks old for his 50 years too. But then, five months in jail, the loss of one’s assets, wrongful homicide charges, and the loss of reputation and livelihood might have that effect. Add Dr. Frank Fisher to the roll of victims wronged by America’s endless war on illicit drugs.