All Commentary
Monday, April 10, 2017

Tariffs Make Being Cozy More Expensive

And why classification as a garment vs. a blanket mattered a lot.

Snuggies wants to be sure that you think it is a blanket. The reason takes us to U.S. trade policy.

The Snuggie:

A Blanket Rule

When Snuggies were first imported from China, U.S. customs officials called it a garment. Disagreeing, Snuggies said it was bringing blankets into the country. The name mattered because of the tariff


When an item enters the U.S., customs officials use the Harmonized tariff

“>Tariff System to select a tariff
A tax levied on imported goods.
“>tariff. The go-to document for duty rates, the HTS has lists and lists of product groups. Because Snuggies was classified in a garment product group that included leotards and bathing suits, its rate was 14.9%.

Tariffs create perverse incentives.

But Snuggies’ importers believed it should have gotten the 8.5% blanket duty. On its box, the Snuggie label said, “a blanket with sleeves.” Similarly, its trademark application referred to fleece blankets and throws.

During February, a U.S. Trade Court agreed with Snuggie. Saying U.S. customs officials were wrong, the Court told us that the Snuggie was a large piece of “fabric providing a warm covering.” It was a blanket.

Our Bottom Line: Incentives

Tariffs can create perverse incentives. In 1882, we got brown sugar when white sugar imports were taxed. One hundred years later, the U.S. government tried to protect Harley Davidson through a tariff

A tax levied on imported goods.
“>tariff on motorcycles with 700-cc and larger engines. But then the Japanese started exporting a 699-cc version for the U.S.

You can be sure that if the Congress approves new tariffs, firms will respond with tweaked goods

Tangible items.
“>goods and services
Intangible aids that are usually provided by people, depend on people, and are therefore difficult to mechanize or standardize.

And then, a blanket with sleeves from China could even become a fleece sleeping bag.

Reprinted from Econlife.