It’s Allowed Us to Live Longer
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, no country on Earth had an average life expectancy of over 40 years. Thanks to improvements in health care and living standards brought about by capitalism, almost every country has an average life expectancy of over 70.
Not only are we living much longer, but far fewer children are dying. Child mortality rates have plummeted since the 1800s and continue to decrease. A grim exception to this is Venezuela, where the economic collapse brought about by socialism has seen a drastic increase in child mortality rates.
It’s Made Us Richer
For most of human history, economic growth was slow, and living standards remained stagnant. However, thanks to the Industrial Revolution, the economies of Europe and the New World experienced massive growth. People were lifted out of a life of subsistence and grinding poverty and enjoyed a massive increase in their standard of living.
The proportion of people living in poverty has more than halved since 1990.
This trend has continued in the West and has spread to countries around the world. The proportion of people living in poverty has more than halved since 1990.
Economic growth continues to increase the standard of living for people living in rich countries, meaning they can buy more of the things they want and need. What is even more exciting is that it is the world’s poorest people who are getting richer faster than anyone else.
It’s Made Us More Equal
Inequality was described as "the defining issue of our time" by President Obama in 2013. What is more, people are often rightly concerned with the gap between the richest and poorest people on the planet.
Billions of pounds are spent each year by charities, governments, and NGOs in an attempt to deal with inequality and the problems people believe that it causes. Happily, it looks as though capitalism is solving this issue, as well. As people in poor countries become richer than those in wealthier countries, they have started to catch up. Global inequality has decreased as a result.
It’s Stopping War
It might not seem as though this is the case from watching the news, but international trade has contributed to a decline in the number of wars being fought. Although there are still regional skirmishes, sometimes lasting for many years, the world is becoming progressively more peaceful.
Countries who trade with each other do not tend to wage war on each other. Simply put, the economic benefits of winning wars are not as high as the benefits gained through countries freely trading with each other.
Countries who trade with each other do not tend to wage war on each other. Simply put, the economic benefits of winning wars are not as high as the benefits gained through countries freely trading with each other. As early as the 18th century, Adam Smith believed argued this was the case, and the evidence shows that it is true: if you want the world to live in peace, then you need more capitalism and freer markets.
It’s Good News for Women
One of the biggest killers of women throughout history has been childbirth. Thanks to capitalism, maternal mortality rates in the Western world have dropped dramatically since the 1800s. What is more, death rates in Asia and Africa have also dropped significantly in countries that have embraced a market economy.
Once again, socialist Venezuela has deviated from the norm. Maternal mortality rates have shot up over the past few years. For the mothers who survive childbirth, many now experience the heartbreak of watching their child die as infant mortality rates have also increased.
It’s Given Us Exciting New Technologies
Capitalism has led to a massive increase in new technologies over the past decades and centuries. This technology improves productivity and has led to safer, more interesting, and better-paid jobs.
Inventions such as smartphones allow us to keep in touch with friends, get around, learn what’s going on in the world, and find our next date. This broadens our horizons and gives us greater freedom and choice than any other generation.
Inventions such as smartphones allow us to keep in touch with friends, get around, learn what’s going on in the world, and find our next date.
What is more, inventions such as smartphones allow us to keep in touch with friends, get around, learn what’s going on in the world, and find our next date. This broadens our horizons and gives us greater freedom and choice than any other generation.
It’s Allowed Children to Stay in School Longer
In the centuries before the Industrial Revolution, children in western countries who survived infancy had no choice but to work in order to help provide for their families. The work was often hard, unpleasant, and dangerous. There was virtually no education, except for the children of wealthy parents. Although this continued through the Industrial Revolution, the increase in productivity and wealth meant that children no longer had to work.
In countries that have opened and liberalized their markets, child labor rates have fallen over the past three decades, and they continue to do so.
Child labor is more common in less economically developed countries. However, in countries that have opened and liberalized their markets, child labor rates have fallen over the past three decades, and they continue to do so.
It Means We Can Fund Essential Public Services
In much of the world, people receive free or subsidized healthcare, education, and social care. This is only possible as governments place taxes on the productive activities of their people. As Karl Marx himself acknowledged, capitalism is the most efficient way to create wealth. It follows that promoting a vibrant market economy is the best way to provide funding for public services.
Without capitalism, there can be no way for governments to provide high-quality public services.
It’s Given Us an Abundance of Food
Far from starving to death due to a depletion of resources, the market has allowed us to allocate scarce resources and find new ones.
Ehrlich was, obviously, wrong. Far from starving to death due to a depletion of resources, the market has allowed us to allocate scarce resources and find new ones.
What is more, thanks to restaurants and suppliers competing for our business, we get to enjoy food from all over the world. And with the advent of food delivery apps, there is no need to even leave the house.
It’s Allowed Us to See More of the World
For most of human history, most people would never leave the village or town in which they were born. Thanks to the wonders of competition and economies of scale, more and more of us can now travel to other parts of the country and to other countries in a way that is relatively affordable.
Not only does this mean that we can experience and learn completely different cultures, but it also means that we can have different jobs and form friendships and relationships with people from all around the world.