Walter Williams has served on the faculty of George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, as John M. Olin Distinguished Professor of Economics since 1980. He is the author of more than 150 publications that have appeared in scholarly journals. Learn more about him at here.
Let us acknowledge a few gross disparities and decide whether they represent what lawyers and judges call a “pattern and practice of discrimination,” while at the same time thinking about what corrective action might be taken.
No evidence of any kind suggests that we would be sorted proportionally by race, sex, nationality, or any other human characteristic were it not for discrimintation. Nevertheless, much of our thinking, policy, and litigation is based on an assumption of proportionality.