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Next to Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln is probably the most quoted and quotable—President we ever had. And as is the case with all famous persons, Lincoln is sometimes credited with words he didn’t utter. Probably the most famous example is this:

1. You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift.

2. You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong.

3. You cannot help small men by tearing down big men.

4. You cannot help the poor by destroying the rich.

5. You cannot lift the wage-earner by pulling down the wage-payer.

6. You cannot keep out of trouble by spending more than your income.

7. You cannot further the brotherhood of man by inciting class hatred.

8. You cannot establish sound security on borrowed money.

9. You cannot build character and courage by taking away a man’s initiative.

10. You cannot really help men by having the government tax them to do for them what they can and should do for themselves.

Lincoln didn’t say that—at least, not in those exact words. The author is William J. H. Boetcker, a retired Presbyterian minister. Yet the words were credited to Lincoln in a national magazine, in the Congressional Record, and in many house organs, newspapers, and radio programs.

The confusion began when an excellent quotation on property by Lincoln was printed on one side of a leaflet which contained the above 10 points, unsigned, on the other side. Several prominent persons who received the leaflet jumped to the conclusion that Lincoln was the author of both quotations, and they said so. As a result, we will probably continue to read this “Lincoln quotation” in various places and from time to time.

Many of us are overly impressed by whose name is actually signed to a statement rather than by what the statement says. Because of this, unfortunately, there will probably be some who will tend to discount the merit of these 10 principles when they find that they were phrased by a comparatively unknown minister rather than by Abraham Lincoln. If so, they should know that Lincoln certainly endorsed these same general ideas in different words. There is no doubt that they represent his fundamental beliefs.

For example, here is Lincoln himself along the same line:

“Property is the fruit of labor. Property is desirable, is a positive good in the world. That some should be rich shows that others may become rich and hence is just encouragement to industry and enterprise. Let not him who is houseless pull down the house of another, but let him work diligently to build one for himself, thus by example assuring that his own shall be safe from violence . . . I take it that it is best for all to leave each man free to acquire property as fast as he can. Some will get wealthy. I don’t believe in a law to prevent a man from getting rich; it would do more harm than good.” []

Confused socialists

Socialism, like the ancient idea from which it springs, confuses the distinction between government and society. As a result of this, every time we object to a thing being done by government, the socialists conclude that we object to its being done at all. We disapprove of state education. Then the socialists say that we are opposed to any education. We object to a state religion. Then the socialists say that we want no religion at all. We object to a state-enforced equality. Then they say that we are against equality. And so on, and so on. It is as if the socialists were to accuse us of not wanting persons to eat because we do not want the state to raise grain.

Frederic Bastiat, “The Law” 1850

Automation

I do not know of a single, solitary instance where a great technological gain has taken place in the United States of America that it has actually thrown people out of work. I do not know of it—I am not aware of it—because the industrial revolution that has taken place in the United States in the past 25 years has brought into the employment field an additional 20 million people.

Philip Murray

 

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