December 2001Volume 51, 2001
All Ford Wanted Was the Opportunity to Compete Freely in the Market
DECEMBER 01, 2001 by Melvin D. Barger
At the very beginning of the American auto industry, a group of carmakers made a blatant attempt to establish an industrial policy for their own benefit. In the guise of protecting the public from "unreliable upstarts" and "fly-by-nights," they formed the Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers (ALAM) in 1903. The industry was in its infancy, but there were already complaints about some of the crude entrepreneurs who were entering the field.